Pakistan is suffering from many social evils and superstitions. Dowry System is one of them. Parents ask for the amount they have spent in educating and upbringing their son. It is also measured as a status symbol, especially in the high class, and generally the items of dowry are exhibited and hyped by both parties. It has become truly difficult to find the suitable match for the girl without giving the demanded dowry.
The demand of dowry is according to the qualification of the boy. Even today when there are broad minded people still the system of dowry has not being abolished.. Even the rich parents of the boy do not feel ashmed in begging dowry. The system of dowry Pakistan is a very serious matter and a black spot on the Pakistani culture.
Its quite surprsinig that people in Pakistan Most people complicate the concept of a dowry and a Mehr. A Mehr is the amount given by the groom to her bride.
This practice is obligatory in Islam, and was created simply to defend the rights of women. It is a large amount, usually fixed by the consultation of the bride, the groom and their family members. Many people in Pakistan are uneducated and lack basic awreness. This lack of literacy facilitates the continuance of giving a dowry because people with no awareness and education have very low morals and quickly become greedy when they think about what a dowry can offer them.
But much on the counterpart the dowry system has nothing to do in islam which is the fundamental basis of our country and therefore it conflicts to our culture at every stage.
What is stimulating and downright dreadful is that all classes of society are guilty of this madness. Our upper-class uses the occasion to show how wealthy they are. The middle-class, as always torn between the ranks of society, tries its best to spend as much as it can and record itself within the upper-class so as to feel accomplished.
The reasons behind our illogical expenditure on marriages are obvious. The long recognized traditions of wedding functions and obligations of giving jewelry, dowry has created a customary on which each family attempts to outshine more than it actually can.
More often than not, this forces them to use more than the wealth they have. Pakistani girls have to own many qualities to get married — beauty, fair complexion, skinny figure, good upbringing, education and culinary skills.
But the trait that has become the most worrisome for women is dowry. In Pakistan, the existence of dowry becomes the generating power of other just as heinous crimes such as acid-burning, sexual violence and child marriage. Dowry is an ancient practice that survives and thrives in our society for various reasons. It is used as an excuse for denial of inheritance to women. It is considered a good support mechanism to help the new couple so that they get a convenient start in practical life.
But the primary reason being the fear of insolence from the in-laws. There is no guarantee that your daughter will have a great marriage if she is given a heavy dowry. Many cases of bride burning due to dowry issues have been reported in Pakistan. During , the Lahore press reported an average of more than four local cases of women being burnt weekly, three of the four fatally.
Police follow-up on these cases was negligible, with only six suspects taken into custody out of cases reported in Lahore newspapers during the year. It remains a mystery for social science researchers as to why stoves burst in susrals marital homes only and why the victim is always a bahu daughter in law.
There have been people who have spoken up against this social menace. In September , a movement was launched to end the practice of dowry. In , the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa KPK assembly unanimously passed a resolution demanding a ban on dowry.
Interestingly, the members seemed unaware of the fact that a law constraining dowry is already in reality. These were challenged in the Supreme Court of Pakistan. The petitioner cited a number of hadiths under religious Sharia laws to demonstrate that Islam encouraged walima and related customary practices.
Pakistan The Government of Mr. Nawaz Sharif in mids had introduced an ordinance banning grand wedding receptions an implicit upshot of dowry. However, it was enforced for short time only, but is now losing its spirit. Right now, commission of Law and Justice, has drafted a new law in connection with wedding expenses and dowry. The consultation on the draft version is in progress. Many organisations like Bilquis Edhi, Sarim Burney Trust, Saylani Welfare and many other lesser known ones make available shelter to many orphan girls.
As the girls mature, these institutions also try to find suitable matches for them and then get them married. Still, large sections of civil society are protesting against this malice. It launched a Silver Ribbon movement in , which was a five-year long programme. Apart from this, the media has also emphasized dowry as a social evil.
Poverty is the main causes behind dowry. People often take dowry to reduce their Poverty. Women are less independent then men. Dependence on husband and living on their income 12 Sense of Prestige Reasons for Dowry Increase Those who make a case for a stringent anti-dowry law on the ground that dowryamounts are rising exponentially forget that among many families in the dowrypracticing groups, standards of living have also risen dramatically.
Up to mygrandmothers time, dowry consisted of clothes for the bride, gold or silver jewelry,several sets of bedding, cows, buffaloes and bedsteads, cots or peedhas andperhaps a wooden closet. Some communities also gifted a portion of land — atradition still common in regions like Andhra.
By the time of my motherswedding, sofa sets and dressing tables had become mandatory and dinner sets andtea sets were included along with kitchen utensils. Watches, wall clocks and radiosets also became common because by then all these items had become customaryparts of middle class life. Today, refrigerators, air conditioners, automobiles and awhole range of gadgetry are an integral part of upper class and upper middle classdowries because these families use many of these conveniences in their daily lives.
However, there is no escaping the fact that ugly tussles are becomingcommonplace over dowry payments. An important reason for growing cashdemands and expensive gifts for the grooms family is that parents see this as theirmain, if not the only chance, to be compensated for the big bonanza they areoffering the bride in the form of an earning son.
They feel they should berecompensed for their investment in his education and upbringing since aftermarriage his wife may influence him not to support his own parents. As long asjoint families were the norm and most parents could count on their sons to supportthem in old age and treat their income as belonging to a common pool, dowrydemands were not as much of an issue.
However, with increasing breakdown ofjoint families and reluctance of many women to stay with in-laws, the insecurity ofparents in many families takes the form of trying to extract what they can from thebrides family at the time of their sons marriage. The data seen is staggering. Some girls are forced to marry late because their family is not that financially strong to provide the groom with the high mounting dowry and fulfil their demands for a lavish and grandeur wedding ceremony.
Some girls who are highly educated and even beautiful are forced to marry men who are not upto their worth in both appearneces and education all due to the fact that the suitable matches are bound to expect and ask for a high dowry that is both impossible for the girls family and is absurd hence the girl marries someone less deserving of her. The humiliation generally will start with criticism, followed by familiar scenes-insults, abuses and demands for more money.
Some women used to put up with oppression because they know that their parents are not in a situation to give more and to some other will think that things will change after the birth of a child. The means used in ill-treating daughters-in-law are: Dowry also raises the child marriages rate For an educated girl, the more educated and qualified husband is needed.
This demands greater dowry. Thus the parents prefer early marriages than to do so at a later age with higher demand of dowry. At the point when this happens everybody considers that it must be the flaw of the young lady or lady saying such things as: In this way, by and by both the young lady and her guardians experience the ill effects of bits of gossip and feedback. These cases are also prevailing in those unmarried girls who are getting older getting rejected by every family because her parents are poor.
Dowry system is a great malicious evil that forces many girls into suicide, to save their parents from economic grind. When the engagement is broken due to dowry the girl begins to live in the society with a sense of uncertainty, develops an inferiority complex, and remains emotionally crushed. She feels herself to be a burden on her parents and sometimes in that despair and mental exhaustion is prone to commit suicide. Dowry deaths are deaths of young women who are murdered or driven to suicide by continuous harassment and torture by husbands and in-laws in an effort to extort an increased dowry.
Dowry deaths are found in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Iran. India reports the highest total number of dowry deaths with 8, such deaths reported in , 1. Adjusted for population, Pakistan, with 2, reported such deaths per year, has the highest rate of dowry death at 2. Dowry death is considered one of the many categories of violence against women , alongside rape bride burning, eve teasing, and acid throwing. Because of poor legal framework against dowry prompts a man to eliminate his current wife if the expected gains from doing so exceed the gains from continuing to be with her.
He is more likely to murder his current wife, especially if there is a low probability of conviction. Similarly, wife abuse may be used as a means of inducing a woman to leave a marriage, thereby allowing the husband to contract abscond marriage and appropriate a second dowry without the legal risk. Stories emerged of women who were burned to death, beaten and murdered who committed suicide because of families-in-law who relentless harassed brides on issues related to insufficient dowry.
These dreadful episodes of violence and murder can be seen as the combined result of an incompetently enforced legal system along with an age-old tradition that inherently weakens the relative economic liberty of women. Effects of Dowry on Society In the general public of Pakistan, there are distinctive traditions and doings in the elements of wedding done by the groups of spouse and man of the hour, at the same time, one thing which is basic in the majority of the weddings is the pattern of Dowry.
Endowment is an awful and deceptive practice. Given the practice of dowry is still a regular affair in Indian society and most people out of social taboo and fear of upper caste do not oppose it downright, the birth of a girl is seen as a fearful incident. Given most Indian families still consider women to run household only, so a girl is seen as a burden for whom the parents would need to pay dowry before she leaves their house.
This results in an aggressive apathy for girl child being born and to female infanticide. Section B of the Indian Penal Code states that if a woman dies under circumstances caused by a forcible demand of dowry, the people abetting it will be booked under dowry death. The A section was invoked in wherein, any cruelty against the wife for dowry or otherwise, could lead to immediate imprisonment on reporting.
Besides, there have been too many movements against dowry in India, that includes but is not limited to Shahada Movement of , protests by Progressive Organization Of Women in Hyderabad in , the famous agitation by Stree Sangharsh, a feminist group in Delhi, against the murder of Tarvinder Kaur by her mother in law. Before anti-dowry movements by feminist organizations, a death of a newly married woman by burning was not even considered a public threat but a familial affair! Figures like Satya Rani Chadha and Shahjahan Apa both of whom who had lost their daughters in abetted dowry killing, continued their crusade against the dowry system, establishing shelters for women tortured for dowry.
There are several foundations NGOs that work against the use and scope of dowry system in India. Some of them like Azad Foundation, Angala in Bengaluru, Indian Women Welfare Organization or International centers like International Center for Research on Women with two of its headquarters in India, all of these associations involve its activities around defeating dowry system and the various consequences it generates. There is no doubt that dowry is the evil of the society, but there are so-called advantages of the dowry if they are taken positively.
And those advantages, merits, and benefits are as follows,. They are criticised every time and on every occasion. They are deprived of their rights of education , right to wear what they want, go wherever they want and do whatever they want. Dowry might give the power to take their own decisions as they are bringing the financial power to the family of the in-laws. It might also help to improve the status of the bride in the family. Essay on Violence against Women in India in English.
When two people marry each other they are starting their own new life. Dowry might help to support that new life financially. But it happens only in rare cases. Despite the popular myth that dowry has several advantages, like helping the girl to stay financially afloat in a new home and maintaining her social status, dowry system should never be merited by any and it should be banned.
Following are the demerits and disadvantages of Dowry system. When the dowry is given, it starts the cycle of greed for money. And when this greed for money is not satisfied the in-laws sometimes including the husband starts abusing the bride physically and mentally. Death threats, divorce threats become a daily thing.
Women are pushed into a valley of emotional trauma. They borrow money from the relatives, takes loans from the banks and mortgage their belonginf even their house too and yet they have to constantly live in the fear of their daughter being divorced by her husband if they do not fulfill their wishes.
The monster of the dowry sometimes riches to its peak and results into the suicide of the bride because of the constant physical and mental abuse, trauma and depression. In many cases, the in-laws go to the extent of setting the bride on fire and staging it like it is an accident but in reality, it is a murder. Although there are several laws that prohibit dowry yet as the Supreme Court observed back in , the collective conscience of the society should work against dowry.
Not just the judiciary but Executive, Legislation and social groups are to join hands to eradicate and cleanse the overall mentality towards dowry. Still today, the number of convictions falling far less than the reported cases only prove how the people with power and resource at their hand tweak rules favoring their illegitimate stand on dowry. Anti-dowry literacy, activation of anti-dowry officers in States are extremely crucial links to develop a culture working against the prevalent notion of dowry.
We should take effective measures to abolish and eradicate the evil of dowry system from the Indian culture, society, villages, cities and the minds of people in India. Only then will slowly this practice might hope to end. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam.
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Here is your essay on Dowry System in India Dowry is derived from the ancient Hindu customs of ‘kanyadan’ and ‘stridhan’. In ‘kanyadan’, the father of the bride offers the father of the groom money or property, etc whereas for ‘stridhan’, the bride herself gets jewelry and clothes at the time of her marriage, usually [ ].
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Short Essay on Dowry System in India: In our Indian society there are numerous problems like superstitions, illiteracy, cast system and dowry system etc. It is surprising that in these days of the 20th century even, we are still drowned in . Essay on Dowry - Dowry Culture is the enduring behavior ideas attitudes and tradition shared by a large group of people and transmit it to one generation to the next. India is one of those countries that has strong influence by culture.
Dowry means those gifts and presents which are given by a father or a guardian to his daughter at the time of her marriage. In ancient times, it was considered as a sort of help to the newlyweds to establish their own home. This free Sociology essay on Essay: Dowry is perfect for Sociology students to use as an example.