For further information on note format or other issues related to citing sources using the Chicago style, see The Chicago Manual of Style , 16th ed. Documentation 2, also called the Author-Date style, requires the use of parenthetical references in the text of the essay as well as a list of References. Parenthetical references should be placed at the end of the sentence, before the period, when a resource has been used.
If the sentence is either long enough or complex enough so that the cited portion of the sentence is not obvious, the parenthetical reference may instead be inserted immediately after the use of information from the source. Page numbers should be included whenever possible. The following examples illustrate parenthetical reference formats for works with more than one author. When organizations or corporate authors are the author of a text, the name of the organization may be shortened to its most basic title.
Abbreviations for the organization are not encouraged. In the Chicago style, daily newspapers are rarely included in a list of References. Instead, attribution may be given to information from a daily newspaper in a parenthetical reference. The Chicago style guide does not offer examples for creating parenthetical references when there is no given author.
Standard practice has been to include the title of the work in place of the author. The title should be formatted in the same manner as the formatting in the References list entry.
Electronic sources commonly lack a date of publication, as do other sources. For further information on citing sources using the Chicago style, see The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed. Page numbers should be included within parentheses after the year of publication. These are separated by a colon and no spaces.
If multiple sources are cited for the same statement, the author and publication year should be distinguished from other texts with a colon. Cited texts should be arranged by author name or by date; arrangement should be consistent throughout the paper. In the Turabian citation style, writers may use one of two forms in citing their resources: Writers using the Turabian style may use the Chicago formats for both endnotes as references and for parenthetical references.
Refer to Kate L. Including a list of Works Cited at the end of an essay is not enough. Learn how to cite the use of a source in the text of your paper. Review five different methods for including the words of another writer or information from a research resource into the text of your paper.
Learn how to create an annotated bibliography for a class assignment or for your own use as a researcher and writer. In-Text Citation and Notes. Citing Sources in the Text of your Paper Each time writers use an outside source, they must give credit to the original writer or creator of that source. The MLA Handbook 8th ed. According to the MLA, the MLA style "has been widely adopted for classroom instruction and used worldwide by scholars, journal publishers, and academic and commercial presses".
The MLA Handbook , an abridged student version of the MLA Style Manual , is an academic style guide widely used in the United States, Canada, and other countries, providing guidelines for writing and documentation of research in the humanities , such as English studies including the English language, writing , and literature written in English ; the study of other modern languages and literatures , including comparative literature ; literary criticism ; media studies ; cultural studies ; and related disciplines.
The seventh edition's main changes from the sixth edition were "no longer recogniz[ing] a default medium and instead call[ing] for listing the medium of publication [whether Print or Web or CD] in every entry in the list of works cited", recommending against listing URLs , and preferring italics over underline. The eighth edition's main changes from the seventh edition are "shift[ing] our focus from a prescriptive list of formats to an overarching purpose of source documentation".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from MLA style. If this applies to your work, give the other contributors after any details about containers. Translated by Constance Garnett. Provide the edition, version, volume, and number information, if present.
For example, an article in a journal will typically belong to a certain volume number, some books will be published in different edition numbers first, second, third, etc. If any of this information applies to your source, list it next. Identify the publisher and date. For traditional print sources, the publisher is the organization that issues the text. Follow this information with the date of publication.
National Geographic Society, An MLA works cited entry should list information about where the information was found. For a source like a chapter in a book or a journal article, you could provide page numbers. If you are citing an artwork, list the museum it is located in. If you are citing a website, include the URL. If you are a student, your teacher may or may not ask for these. Indicate whether the source has a second container. Some sources are nested within larger containers, particularly when it comes to ones accessed electronically.
For instance, you might cite an article in a journal that is hosted on JSTOR, a television series episode you watched via Netflix, or see a music video that is hosted on YouTube. If this applies to your source, include the information at the end of the entry. Format your works cited page. Double space and use hanging indentation to make the list easier to read. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Tips Always check with your teacher, publisher, scholarly organization, or other authority about which precise details they would like included in citations, and to see if they have any special guidelines you should follow.
The Modern Language Association of America,
In the following sections, we will take you step-by-step through some general guidelines for citing sources. Identifying Sources in the Body of Your Paper. The first time you cite a source, it is almost always a good idea to mention its author(s), title, and genre (book, article, or web page, etc.).
The MLA Handbook grew out of the initial MLA Style Sheet of (revised in ), a page "more or less official" standard. The first five editions, published between and were titled the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and blogithebestnx.gat: Style guide.
Citing References in the Body (Intro and Discussion) of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper (primarily the Intro and Discussion), whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information. These OWL resources will help you learn how to use the American Psychological Association (APA) citation and format style. This section contains resources on in-text citation and the References page, as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster.
If the source you’re attempting to cite does not have an author’s name listed, the in-text citation MLA or MLA parenthetical citation should display the title. If the title is rather long, it is acceptable to shorten it in the body of your assignment. How to quote a source Additional resources These materials will help you avoid plagiarism by teaching you how to properly integrate information from published sources into your own writing.